1.Sincethematterwasextremely___,w…来自宇哥-考研英语…

1.Sincethematterwasextremely___,w…来自宇哥-考研英语…缩略图

??this is why narcissists get promoted so easily?

这就是自恋的人更容易升职的原因?

ever wondered how narcissistic individuals often rise to power? this study may have
1.Sincethematterwasextremely___,w…来自宇哥-考研英语…插图
some clues. a narcissist’s self-image may do a great job of encouraging their managers to promote them, according to a recent study in the journal of personality.

你有没有想过为什么自恋的人更容易获得权力?一项研究或许能给你一些启发。最近发表在《人格》期刊上的一项研究发现,自恋者的自我形象或许更能促使经理提拔他们。?

the research included two questionnaire-based studies of 259 employees and 178 supervisors total where each assessed multiple statements regarding themselves and a potentially promotable employee respectively.

这项研究基于两份分别面向259名员工和178名经理的问卷调查。研究人员要求这些员工对自身情况进行评估,并让经理评估潜在晋升员工。?

some examples of statements the employees were expected to assess “i am an extraordinary person,” “in my work team, i think i have a great deal of power,” and other questions from the narcissistic personality inventory test as far as their self-image.

受访员工需要选出一些诸如“我是一个非凡的人”、“在我的工作团队中,我认为自己能力出众”之类的自我评价的表述,并回答自恋人格问卷测试中有关自我形象的其他一些问题。?

supervisors would answer statements such as “i would recommend this employee for a promotion,” and “this employee has a good chance of climbing the organizational ladder” based on the employees’ remarked traits.

经理会基于员工的自我评价来回答问卷上诸如“我推荐这名员工升职”和“这名员工有很大的晋升机会”之类的表述。?

lastly, 181 supervisors then received profiles of fictional narcissist employees and determined whether they would “promote” them.

最后,181名经理会收到虚构的自恋员工的资料,并决定他们是否“升职”。?

the results showed that narcissist employees were more self-promotional of their work and had an inflated sense of power in the workplace. it also showed that supervisors were more likely to promote employees who displayed these narcissistic traits, possibly due to their grandiose perception and displays of power.

结果显示,自恋的员工更热衷于进行自我宣传,同时他们还会高估自己在职场中的能力。研究还发现,经理更有可能提拔那些表现出自恋特征的员工,这或许是因为他们能够制造一种宏大的假象,给人一种很厉害的感觉。?

according to a 2016 study, narcissist individuals were more likely to believe that they make for effective and superior leaders, which could correlate with self-promotional behaviors like higher regard for their role in a work project.

2016年的一项研究显示,自恋的人更有可能自认为能够成为一个高效、优秀的领导,这可能与他们乐于自我推销有关,比如他们会高估自己在工作项目中发挥的作用。?

the results showed that this self-promotional behavior was not viewed negatively by the supervisors in the study, and could be viewed as a positive trait depending on the workplace.

结果表明,这种自我推销的行为并没有被受访所反感,在某些工作场所中的自我宣传反而被视为一种积极的特质。?

does this mean you have to be a narcissist to get promoted? not quite, but there could be some self-confidence lessons to be learned.

这是否意味着你必须学会自恋才能获得晋升?不完全是这样的,但我们学着让自己更自信一些。

(全文共302个词,标红单词为考研重难点词汇)

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重难点词汇:

?narcissist [?nɑ?rs?s?st] n. 自我陶醉者;自恋者extraordinary [?k?str??rd?neri] adj. 异乎寻常的;非凡的

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